Drug Treatment Center San Jose


Drug addiction is a complex illness characterized by intense and, at times, uncontrollable drug craving, along with compulsive drug seeking and use that persist even in the face of devastating consequences. While the path to alcohol and drug t begins with the voluntary act of taking alcohol and drugs, over time a person’s ability to choose not to do so becomes compromised, and seeking and consuming the alcohol and drug becomes compulsive. This behavior results largely from the effects of prolonged alcohol and drug exposure on brain functioning. Addiction is a brain disease that affects multiple brain circuits, including those involved in reward and motivation, learning and memory, and inhibitory control over behavior.

Because alcohol and drug abuse addiction have so many dimensions and disrupt so many aspects of an individual’s life, treatment is not simple. Effective alcohol and drug treatment programs typically incorporate many components, each directed to a particular aspect of the illness and its consequences. Alcohol and drug treatment (drug Rehab) must help the individual stop using drugs, maintain a drug-free lifestyle, and achieve productive functioning in the family, at work, and in society. Because addiction is typically a chronic disease, people cannot simply stop using alcohol and drugs for a few days and be cured. Most patients require long-term or repeated episodes of care to achieve the ultimate goal of sustained abstinence and recovery of their lives.

Too often alcohol and drug addiction goes untreated: According to SAMHSA’s National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), 23.2 million persons (9.4 percent of the U.S. population) aged 12 or older needed alcohol and drug treatment (Drug Rehab) for an illicit drug or alcohol use problem in 2007. Of these individuals, 2.4 million (10.4 percent of those who needed Alcohol and drug treatment) (drug Rehab) received treatment at a specialty facility (i.e., hospital, drug or alcohol Rehab or mental health center). Thus, 20.8 million persons (8.4 percent of the population aged 12 or older) needed alcohol and drug treatment (drug Rehab) for an illicit drug or alcohol use problem but did not receive it. These estimates are similar to those in previous years.

Principles of Effective alcohol and Drug Treatment (Drug Rehab)

Scientific research since the mid–1970s shows that drug treatment (drug rehab) can help patients addicted to drugs stop using, avoid relapse, and successfully recover their lives. Based on this research, key principles have emerged that should form the basis of any effective alcohol and drug treatment programs:

* Addiction is a complex but treatable disease that affects brain function and behavior.
* No single alcohol and drug treatment (drug rehab) is appropriate for everyone.
* Treatment needs to be readily available.
* Effective alcohol and drug treatment (drug rehab) attends to multiple needs of the individual, not just his or her drug abuse.
* Remaining in alcohol anddrug treatment (drug rehab) for an adequate period of time is critical.
* Counseling—individual and/or group—and other behavioral therapies are the most commonly used forms of alcohol and drug treatment (drug rehab).
* Medications are an important element of treatment for many patients, especially when combined with counseling and other behavioral therapies.

* An individual’s alcohol and drug treatment and services plan must be assessed continually and modified as necessary to ensure that it meets his or her changing needs.
* Many drug–addicted individuals also have other mental disorders.
* Medically assisted detoxification is only the first stage of alcohol and drug addiction treatment (drug rehab) and by itself does little to change long–term drug abuse.
* Alcohol and Drug treatment (drug rehab) does not need to be voluntary to be effective.
* Drug use during treatment (drug rehab) must be monitored continuously, as lapses during treatment do occur.
* Drug Treatment programs should assess patients for the presence of HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis, and other infectious diseases as well as provide targeted risk–reduction counseling to help patients modify or change behaviors that place them at risk of contracting or spreading infectious diseases.

Effective Treatment Approaches

Medication and behavioral therapy, especially when combined, are important elements of an overall therapeutic process that often begins with detoxification, followed by treatment and relapse prevention. Easing withdrawal symptoms can be important in the initiation of Alcohol and drug treatment (drug rehab); preventing relapse is necessary for maintaining its effects. And sometimes, as with other chronic conditions, episodes of relapse may require a return to prior alcohol and drug treatment components. A continuum of care that includes a customized treatment regimen—addressing all aspects of an individual’s life, including medical and mental health services—and follow–up options (e.g., community – or family-based recovery support systems) can be crucial to a person’s success in achieving and maintaining a drug–free lifestyle.

Medications can be used to help with different aspects of the drug treatment (drug rehab) process.

Medications offer help in suppressing withdrawal symptoms during detoxification. However, medically assisted detoxification is not in itself Drug”treatment”—it is only the first step in the alcohol and drug treatment process. Patients who go through medically assisted withdrawal but do not receive any further alcohol and drug treatment (drug rehab) show drug abuse patterns similar to those who were never treated.

Medications can be used to help reestablish normal brain function and to prevent relapse and diminish cravings. Currently, we have medications for (heroin, morph opioidsine), tobacco (nicotine), and alcohol addiction and are developing others for treating stimulant (cocaine, methamphetamine) and cannabis (marijuana) addiction. Most people with severe addiction problems, however, are polydrug users (users of more than one drug) and will require treatment for all of the substances that they abuse.

* Opioids: Methadone, buprenorphine and, for some individuals, naltrexone are effective medications for the drug treatment (drug rehab) of opiate addiction. Acting on the same targets in the brain as heroin and morphine, methadone and buprenorphine suppress withdrawal symptoms and relieve cravings. Naltrexone works by blocking the effects of heroin or other opioids at their receptor sites and should only be used in patients who have already been detoxified. Because of compliance issues, naltrexone is not as widely used as the other medications. All medications help patients disengage from drug seeking and related criminal behavior and become more receptive to behavioral treatments.
* Alcohol: Three medications have been FDA–approved for treating alcohol dependence: naltrexone, acamprosate, and disulfiram. A fourth, topiramate, is showing encouraging results in clinical trials. Naltrexone blocks opioid receptors that are involved in the rewarding effects of drinking and in the craving for alcohol. It reduces relapse to heavy drinking and is highly effective in some but not all patients—this is likely related to genetic differences. Acamprosate is thought to reduce symptoms of protracted withdrawal, such as insomnia, anxiety, restlessness, and dysphoria (an unpleasant or uncomfortable emotional state, such as depression, anxiety, or irritability). It may be more effective in patients with severe dependence. Disulfiram interferes with the degradation of alcohol, resulting in the accumulation of acetaldehyde, which, in turn, produces a very unpleasant reaction that includes flushing, nausea, and palpitations if the patient drinks alcohol. Compliance can be a problem, but among patients who are highly motivated, disulfiram can be very effective.

Behavioral Treatments

Behavioral treatments help patients engage in the drug treatment (drug rehab) process, modify their attitudes and behaviors related to drug abuse, and increase healthy life skills. These treatments can also enhance the effectiveness of medications and help people stay in drug treatment (drug rehab) longer. Treatment for drug abuse and addiction can be delivered in many different settings using a variety of behavioral approaches.

Outpatient behavioral treatment encompasses a wide variety of programs for patients who visit a clinic at regular intervals. Most of the programs involve individual or group drug counseling. Some programs also offer other forms of behavioral treatment such as—

* Cognitive–behavioral therapy, which seeks to help patients recognize, avoid, and cope with the situations in which they are most likely to abuse drugs.
* Multidimensional family therapy, which was developed for adolescents with drug abuse problems—as well as their families—addresses a range of influences on their drug abuse patterns and is designed to improve overall family functioning.
* Motivational interviewing, which capitalizes on the readiness of individuals to change their behavior and enter drug treatment (drug rehab).
* Motivational incentives (contingency management), which uses positive reinforcement to encourage abstinence from drugs.

Residential drug treatment programs (drug Rehab) can also be very effective, especially for those with more severe problems. For example, therapeutic communities (TCs) are highly structured programs in which patients remain at a residence, typically for 6 to 12 months. TCs differ from other treatment approaches principally in their use of the community alcohol and Drug Rehab staff and those in recovery—as a key agent of change to influence patient attitudes, perceptions, and behaviors associated with drug use. Patients in TCs may include those with relatively long histories of drug addiction, involvement in serious criminal activities, and seriously impaired social functioning. TCs are now also being designed to accommodate the needs of women who are pregnant or have children. The focus of the TC is on the reconciliation of the patient to a drug-free, crime–free lifestyle.

Criminal Justice Drug Treatment

Alcohol and drug treatment (drug rehab) in a criminal justice setting can succeed in preventing an offender’s return to criminal behavior, particularly when treatment continues as the person transitions back into the community. Studies show that drug treatment (drug rehab) does not need to be voluntary to be effective.
For More Information:- http://www.lifechoicestreatment.com/
Article Source

Science Backs Natural Approach to Alcohol and Drug Treatment

A breakthrough in studies being conducted to aid in relief from alcoholism found another exciting discovery when the study demonstrated positive results when tested in laboratories against cocaine addiction.  The Kudzu vine is native to Asia, but was brought to the southeastern area of the United States to control soil erosion. This vine has numerous positive uses already and the list keeps growing.  Researchers at Gilead Sciences Inc. have performed tests on rats in their laboratories that have shown remarkable outcomes.  When rats were given the extract from the Kudzu vine, the rats would show no interest in continuing usage of the cocaine they had been having regular access to.

It is not certain how the vine helps prevent people from wanting to consume alcohol or cocaine at this point, but it has been narrowed down to the reward circuits in the brain.    The extract has been pulled from the Kudzu vine, made synthetically and is being transformed into pill form, according to the Gilead research team.  Drug treatment programs all over the world will be able to benefit from this fascinating plant once more studies involving humans have been completed and approved for use by the FDA.  Kudzu has been used in Asia for quite some time as a remedy for those looking for alcohol treatment.  It is just finally getting the recognition it deserves and is being granted permission for more extensive research.

At this point, drug treatment experts will agree that cocaine addiction is a difficult addiction to overcome.  Without an all-embracing awareness of the neurobiology behind addiction, there really is no effective chemical dependency assistance.  Studies and findings on this plant are both remarkable and exciting for alcohol treatment success and cocaine/drug therapy.  The experimental synthetic extract from the Kudzu vine is titled: CVT- 10216.  Not only in the laboratory studies did it appear to keep the rats from wanting more cocaine, once weaned, the drug treatment showed that it aided in the prevention of relapse in the animals.  Scientists believe that tetrahydropapaveroline or “THP” compound levels interfere with dopamine.  Those craving feelings are able to be sustained.  Could this miracle plant be the answer to the not only alcohol treatment, but drug treatment as well?  Could more drugs than cocaine be addressed by this simple plant?  More research has yet to be completed, but it is looking like CVT-10216 may have a very positive outcome for the rehab industry in the future.

Natural and holistic therapies relating to addiction treatment have proven to be successful.  For example: Vista Taos Renewal Center in New Mexico offers drug treatment programs that include massage, meditation and even equine therapy.  Studies are being done and we are learning that these natural methods of health and well-being are contributing more toward alcohol treatment and drug treatment than medications, self-help groups and other methods when not used in conjunction with one another.  A blend of these experiences has been proven to aid in alcohol and drug treatment.  You must treat the patient as a whole.  It is not just the body, but the mind also that is effected by addiction.  When non-medical techniques are included in drug and alcohol treatment, the results have a great chance of being more effective.

If you are researching a drug and alcohol treatment facility to help you or a loved one fight the battle against addiction, consider alternatives that include holistic and natural therapies.  Look for recovery centers that are supportive and that focus on providing coping skills and tools for sobriety.  Diet and exercise have become other important elements in alcohol treatment just as meetings with your support group/counselor.  It is the holistic approach to alcohol and drug treatment that will prevail.

Vista Taos is a Drug and Alcohol Rehabilitation Center in Taos New Mexico. Vista Taos specializes in drug rehabs including: Alcohol Addiction, Drug Abuse, Cocain Addiction, Heroin Addiction, Prescription drugs, and more.
Article Source