The meaning of “drug abuse” is described as the consumption of psychoactive drugs and sports performance enhancement drugs for non-medical purposes. Some examples of exploited drugs include alcohol, barbiturates, morphine, benzodiazepines, cocaine, heroin, amphetamines, and other opiates like hydrocodone and codeine. The other drug abuse meaning may also be grouped into four clear-cut groups: the medical definitions, the mass contact and argot usage, the social wellness definitions, and the political and criminal classifications.
Since substance abuse and drug addiction can do harm to an individual, it is important to encourage the drug addicted person to obtain drug addiction treatment. There are different kinds of addictive drugs existing nowadays. The substance abuse treatment methodology may be different from one drug variant to another. The treatment methodologies also depend on the uniqueness of the people with addiction problems and they may be different when it comes to the methodologies. A number of the addicted people face problems regarding physical and psychological issues. On other hand, there are a few addicted people who face problems regarding job-related or public issues. Unfortunately, public issues create a great deal of struggle to deal with addictive disorders/addictive conditions of the people who are addicted to illegal substances.
The attempt to stop the misuse of drugs fall short most of the time. While there are a number of evidences of short-term feats, the long-term feats are still rare. There are a number of treatment processes that were invented to help drug dependents stop their drug addiction. The treatment methodologies are consist of various approaches like damage minimization, abstinence-based systems, therapeutic treatments, pharmacotherapeutics, and legal means. The drug abuse treatment processes are separated into two groups. The first class includes a number of common drug abuse treatment services while the second set includes the criminal justice-involved treatment procedures.
DRUG ABUSE TREATMENT METHODOLOGIES:
(1) Agonist Maintenance Cure:
This treatment technique is widely used to fight drug abuse and it is often called the methadone treatment procedure. In this program, some synthetic and opiate substances such as LAAM or methadone are applied. These substances are consumed continuously at an amount that is enough to prevent the elimination of opiate and to stop the effects caused by misusing opiates. Craving for opiates also lowers as time goes by. Comprehensive counseling is ordinarily done along with this treatment process.
(2) Narcotic Antagonist Cure with Naltrexone Application:
Generally, this treatment program is an extension of the previously mentioned drug abuse treatment program. Here, Naltrexone is utilized as a replacement for LAAM or methadone, as a synthetic and long-lasting antagonist. It is of significance that the drug dependent person person is free from the opiates for some days so that the Naltrexone could be utilized. Now it has to be mentioned that this antagonist doesn’t have any subjective prospects of addiction and it has some effects too. Rehab and counseling are also required in this kind.
(3) Outpatient Drug-Free Cure:
This methodology of drug abuse treatment is becoming popular as days go by. This process is not associated with rehab. In this case, the necessary medications are given after hearing the statement of the addictive patient. As an alternative to individual counseling, the group counseling occurs in this drug abuse cure program. This program is less costly as compared to the two previously mentioned categories. This treatment procedure goes well with workers, students and those people with wide social and family encouragement.
(4) Long-Term Residential Treatment Program:
In this case, the people with addiction problems are allowed to enter especially made residential drug abuse treatment hubs with non-medical surroundings. There are numerous residential treatment services offered. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Therapeutic Community are two of the most famous kinds. These centers include patients, medical experts, counselors and other personnel. The duration of residence lasts for some six months to one year. In that duration of time, the necessary medications are provided to the addictive patients and mental counseling is done. This process is practical for the addictive patients who are unfortunate not to have the public and family encouragement that is needed.
(5) Short-Term Residential Treatment Methods:
This treatment is actually inspired by a model also known as 12-step approach. At First, this procedure was intended for alcohol addiction treatment services, but soon after it was revealed that this process is also helpful for cocaine abuse treatment services.
(6) Medical Detoxification:
In this particular type of drug abuse treatment program, the remains of prohibited drugs are released from the human body. Generally, the human body is detoxified during the period of treatment. The entire procedure is under the strict examination of an experienced physician. Additionally, it is essential to lower the addictive nature of the addictive person through counseling.
(7) Legal Treatment Services:
It is a reality that drug addiction is absolutely illegal. In cases wherein an individual is found abusing addictive drugs, he is required to experience a few drug abuse treatment techniques that comes with the penalty. There are two types of legal treatment services: the prison-based drug abuse treatment program and the community-based treatment program.
Substance abuse treatments will only be successful supposing the addictive person is given encouragement coming from his family, his pals, and the community. The addictive person must stick to the counsels provided to him by a physician or a counselor.