Weight Loss Program Reviews for Convenient Weight Loss

When on the quest of weight loss, know the appropriate weight loss program which can be best for you through the weight loss program reviews…

One of the people trying to lose undesirable fats, lose weight as well as to inhabit a healthy life? If you are, then you are probably searching the right weight loss program which will help you to achieve the goal of losing weight.

Weight loss programs are in need nowadays as these programs give assistance to people who desire to lose weight. They render information, advice, and instructions to proper weight loss. Because of this, these there are number of the weight loss programs that you can search and it is crucial for you to choose wisely so you can pick out the best for you. In order to know which of the weight loss programs fits you, just make sure that the one you will select is safe, slow and steady. See to it that you are likewise comfortable of the weight loss program you come after and that it can really direct you towards the proper weight loss.

Now, if you’re trying to look for the appropriate weight loss program for you, try to check out the weight loss program reviews and it will yield you more idea. Weight loss program reviews has information and the background involving on certain weight loss program resulting for you to possess an idea about what that particular weight loss program offers.

To help you find the right weight loss program for you, this website provides you informative and truly reliable weight loss program reviews about the different weight loss programs available such as:

Burn the Fat Feed the Muscle- it offers facts on the right nutrition of burning fat, losing the weight and the toning up or the building muscles safely and effectively.

Combat the Fat – it offers the simple and the easy to understand the 8 magical weight loss rules for you to get rid of the fat quickly.

The Diet Solutions Program – it offers the detailed nutrition manual that instruct users relating on particular principles to be followed to reach their ideal weight, etc.

Eat Stop Eat Diet – it offers the scientific research which is based on the process that helps its users of burning stubborn fat in belly and naturally modifies the fat burning hormones.

·Fat Loss 4 Idiots -extends a web-based diet program where you decide what foods to eat or not eat based from the ones available on the list.

Master Cleanse 10 Day Fast – it offers the ways on how you can fill up 10 day fast.

Muscle Gaining Secrets – offers the downloadable e-book which shows you the exact way of building lean muscle mass even you never been able to before.

No Nonsense Muscle Building – extends the Vince Delmonte’s personal mass of gaining system which he utilized to go from the skinny to the muscle building celebrity.
Strip that Fat – offers online product that aids users shed extra pounds and decrease their belly fat with easy to follow dieting guide.

Top Secret Fat Loss Secret – offers the new online weight loss diet program that helps users shed extra pounds in a healthy fashion.

Truth about Six Pack Abs – offers online program which assists its users in shedding excess belly fat and getting the six pack of abs in a short period of time.

Turbulence Training – has the high intensity, quick work out that is based on simple methods of the increasing user’s metabolism and burning belly fat.

·Warp Speed Fat Loss -offers a diet and exercise program that completely transforms the body, replacing fat with lean mass.

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Yes, all the weight loss programs are tempting to try out, but don’t forget to get weight loss program reviews first to have a finish information of these programs, click the site http://www.weight-loss-directory.org/.

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NY Rehab Centers

Finding NY Rehab Centers Focusing on Hallucinogens

If you have a family member that is stuck on LSD, Mushrooms or Peyote, then you should look for NY Rehab Centers that will help to kick the habit forever. The biggest problem with this addiction is that the person is seeking to escape reality and may need a lot of help being taken out of the state of mind that got them to the addiction in the first place. Relocating and taking advantage of NY rehab centers is a great way to break the ties to old friends and habits that got this all started.

Finding NY Rehab Centers isn’t that difficult. Many people have found that NY rehab centers are abundant and easy to find. But if you are looking for ways to get the best facility, there are a few things you should look into very closely.

First, check with the rehab center and find out if they specialize in hallucinogen rehab. If they do, you should consider the facility. We are not talking about having a department, staff or wing dedicated to those addicted to hallucinogens, but actually being one of the few NY Rehab Centers focusing on hallucinogens first and other drugs second.

Working with NY Rehab Centers

Getting your loved one to the rehab center is the first thing you will need to do to provide the rehab center with some help in curing your family member. If he or she is not ready to go to any of the NY Rehab Centers, you may have to fool them into going. Talk to the rehab counselor on the best way to do this. Furthermore, you may want to ask the rehab center what you can do on a regular basis. The NY Rehab Centers are famous for wanting to know as much about the addicted as possible before they are enrolled in the program and residing in the facility. This is to help that person feel as though he or she is with friends from the beginning.

Succeeding with NY Rehab Centers

Making sure that the NY Rehab Centers have all of the information required is the best way to help your loved one succeed. Working with NY Rehab Centers is essential, otherwise you will be out of the loop and not able to properly provide the assistance that the addicted person will need in order to help kick the habit forever.

Just remember that NY Rehab centers understand that this person wants to escape reality. They will help to reestablish a firm bond with the real world and get them rooted again. Once they get off of the hallucinogen, they will start to appreciate reality again. The NY Rehab Centers focusing on this problem are well trained to bring your loved one back to you as you remember, before the addiction.

Don’t hesitate to ask the NY Rehab Centers how they approach the process and avoid relapse. The NY rehab centers are fantastic and want you to succeed.

This information will help you find the best NY Rehab Centers in your area and help you, or your loved one, to get the best NY Rehab Centers Treatment.
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Affordable Teen Drug Addiction Treatment in Louisiana

Choosing a drug addiction treatment center depends on finding a place that will work well for their current situations. People with strong family and work obligations are more likely to opt for out-patient drug addiction rehabilitation program. Someone who is trying to overcome a drug addiction to a drug with dangerous withdrawal symptoms like heroin will be better served with an in-patient drug addiction treatment center. For others, finding an acceptable drug addiction treatment center will depend on the scientific approach taken by the drug rehab themselves. Louisiana Drug addiction treatment therapy works best with drug addicts who abuse cocaine and heroin. A therapist will work with the drug addict to create an environment in which the addict will feel comfortable talking about the experiences he had before entering drug rehab and before getting addicted to drugs-the behaviors and circumstances that helped create and feed his addiction.

Drug abuse is a main reason for concern and has unenthusiastic effect on society at large. There are so many supported treatment centers. There is a tendency amongst middle-aged people to abuse medicine drugs. The first step towards combating drug addiction is to make the abuser aware of the damage it causes the body. Most addicts lack confidence and must be taught to become a master of the circumstances and not a slave to addiction. Drug addiction treatment centers are popular all over the world. Drug treatment centers are very helpful for the teenagers. There are so many rehabs centers are available.


Those patients are suffering from infectious diseases like AIDS and tuberculosis, counseling as well as treatments may vary. Louisiana Medical drugs are used to nullify or decrease the effect of the addiction. After medical treatments the individuals are subjected to behavioral therapy that contains counseling and other methods that builds positive energy and get better the behavior of the individual. Efficient counseling is given throughout the treatment so that the individual copes with the medication that will help him lead a very normal life. Yoga and meditation improves the spiritual points of a person and freshens up the minds of the individual. Detoxification using medicines is the primary step in the de-addiction process and treatment comes next.

Best Counseling services are provided by the drug rehabs centers. They offer several kinds of facilities to the teenagers. They also provide necessary information and facilities to the peoples. The Louisiana treatment centers have adopted the famous  Twelve-step programs that help not only to discontinue drug usage but also to detect and alter the various behaviors that individuals have developed as a result of the addiction. The 12-step program is the most effective method which is widely used on a higher scale in drug treatment centers. Pressure surrounding an individual as well as the eagerness or curiosity to feel the drug is the main reasons behind drug addiction. Using medical drug without proper prescription also paves the way for drug addiction.


Consider the helpful information on

Opiate Detox and Heroin Facts

Opiate detox and what to expect. Heroin facts, effects and dealing with opiate withdrawal symptoms. Drug addiction resources and information.

The process of opiate detox can be extremely unpleasant for someone who is not prepared. Proper eduction about such drugs as heroin and other opiates can help in dealing with a variety of opiate withdrawal symptoms. Knowing the heroin fact and the effects of opiate addiction can give insight and enable a smoother recovery. Below are heroin facts as well as other opiate detox facts that can provide someone with some comfort when dealing with the various opiate withdrawal symptoms.

1. Opiate Detox – The process of opiate detoxification varies from person to person. Generally, opiates stay in your system for just a couple of days. The hardest part of the opiate detox as far as opiate withdrawal symptoms are concerned are usually the worst during the first 3 days. For those attempting to detox at home, it is highly suggested that you clear your calendar for up to four or five days at the least. During this time, it is extremely important that one stay hydrated and sleep as much as possible, although sleep may be harder at times. The key to recovery is rest. what happens more often than not is that while a user in on an opiate, they tend to rely on that opiate more than they realize, pushing themselves further and further, getting less sleep, less calorie intake and letting the drugs take the place of good health habits. When an individual gets off of the drugs, they no longer can rely on that drug to push them further, thus can increase the negative opiate withdrawal symptoms beyond what would normally take place.

2. Heroin Facts – If you are a heroin addict, or even an opium addict for that matter. The manner in which you take the drugs is going to affect the longevity of opiate detox and the severity as well. Those who shoot the drugs are going to suffer probably the strongest withdrawal symptoms, smoking second strongest and ingestion third. It may be a good idea to switch the manner in which you currently use sometime before the detox to ensure a smoother heroin detox. Also before the detox, get plenty of sleep, eat well and stay hydrated. The better you take care of yourself now, the better you’ll be during the withdrawal symptoms.

3. When going to a outpatient clinic, you may be required to pass positive on a drug test before you are prescribed any medication for recovery. Keep this in mind beforehand as it may be a useful resource to have rather than quiting cold-turkey. There are a few methods used to help those during a period of detox and most of them work quite well. Get a doctors opinion on which method is best for you.

4. Get a list of resources before hand. Visit websites, print information, get phone numbers and so on. If you are going through this alone, it is an excellent idea to have phone numbers, websites and a number of resources ready in case you need to contact them. At the bottom of this article is a link to an opiate addiction help website that may be able to give you such phone numbers and information as well as at-home programs that are guaranteed to help.

5. Get a book or home program to help you through your heroin detox or any other kind of opiate detox you may be going through. Programs or books such as these provide you with on-demand information and resources fro experts who can really help you make it through the rougher times. They may cost some money, but will save you thousands in the long run. Don’t take a chance on doing it a worse way. Make the transition as easy for you as possible, you deserve it. Having a book or program might just give you the insight and inspiration you need to really make a change.

6. Stay positive. This may be harder at times, but having a positive attitude can really make a difference when dealing with addiction recovery, withdrawal symptoms and opiate detox. Try to be the best person you can and free yourself of those negative self-defeating thoughts that make life so hard.

These tips are just a few ideas to get you through the hardest of times during opiate detox and withdrawal symptoms. Knowing the heroin facts and heroin effects among various other opiates can make the change as less painful as possible and you will come out a better person.
For Opiate Addiction Help visit http://www.OpiateAddictionHelp.com – Get the answers on Opiate Detox and Heroin Facts you need.
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Health Education as a core course for Teachers’ Education: to enhance the Mental Health of students

Health Education as a core course for Teachers’ Education: to enhance the Mental Health of students


Akintunde, P. G. (Ph.D)

Department of Vocational & Special Education

University of Calabar

Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria


Olanipekun, O. Fola

Olabisi Onabanjo University

Ago-Iwoye, Ogun State, Nigeria



This paper is primarily concerned with the role of teachers in enhancement of mental health of students. It discuses the factual picture of the functions of the teachers in a changing social and education environment, identifying the social community in the actualization of the human need (mental health) that are otherwise ignored. It highlights the complex expectation of the public from the role of teachers. The expectation makes the duties of teachers diffused; they in some measures serve as social workers and perform in addition to duties other than classroom teaching. Their responsibilities for social training in a changing environment, particularly in the misconception of mental health are discussed and recommendation made.

Key Words: Health education for teachers’ education, educating teachers in mental health, health education a necessity for teachers.



            The World Health Organization (WHO) (1946) adopts a definition of health as “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity”, at the International Health Conference, New York; 19-22 June, 1946 signed on 22 July 1946 by the representative of 61 States (WHO official records No.2 100). It enters into force on 7th April 1948, thereby declaring health as a fundamental human right.

The complex nature of public expectation of teachers’ duties necessitates the need for them to have a social training that will make them meet the challenge resulting from changing environment. School health education aims at constituting healthy learning experiences, healthy environment (physical and mental health) and positive interpersonal relationships between Teachers and students, students and students inside and outside the school environment.

 Healthful school living which consists of emotional health, healthful interpersonal relationships, among others provide a safe and healthful environment. The three fold goal of environmental school health education is healthy people in healthy communities in a healthy environment.

Health lies in the functional interaction of the individual and his environment and not determined in terms of the individual isolation. A clinical picture shows the interplay of psychological, physiological and structural factors. The moment a man falls ill, he regresses in an infantile type of psychological condition, a type of adoption neurosis which is normal part of the patient’s reaction to his illness (Canestrari, 1963).

However, understanding of mental health by individual teacher and the society at large would be helpful in the conversion of weird and wild experience at early stage to greatness and responsibility in later life. Teachers are expected to have motivational impact on their students. Teachers have more vital role to play in student stress management. Students need to be educated on the effects of stress on achievement, and understand human behavior and how it affects other people in the environment (Olanipekun, 2006).

Key Words: Health education for teachers’ education, educating teachers in mental health, health education a necessity for teachers.


Mental Health

Mental health is a term to describe either a level of cognitive or emotional well-being or an absence of mental disorders. It may include an individual’s ability to enjoy life and procure a balance between life activities and efforts to achieve psychological resilience (About.com, 2006). It is regarded as expression of ones emotions which signifies a successful adaptation to a range of demands.

World Health Organization (2005) defines mental health as “a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his/her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his/her community”. However, the organization recognizes the fact that a complete definition may not be available because of cultural, religion and general environmental influences on determination, recognition of mental health and disorders. World Health Research (2001) explains that definition of mental health depend on cultural differences, subjective assessments, and competing professional theories because they all affect how mental health is defined.


Mental Disorders

The definition of mental disorders is a key issue for mental health and for users and providers of mental health services. Most international clinical documents use the term “Mental Disorders” and some define it as a psychological or behavioral pattern associated with distress or disability.

Mental disorders are conceptualized as disorders of the brain circuits likely caused by development processes shaped by a complex interplay of genetics and experience. It is psychological or behavior pattern associated with distress or disability that occurs in an individual and is not a part of normal development or culture (Yolken and Torrey, 1995).

The recognition and understanding of mental health condition has changed over time and across culture, there are still variations in the definition, assessment and classification of mental disorders, although standard guideline criteria are widely accepted. Diagnoses are made by psychiatrists or clinical psychologists using various methods, often relying on observation and questioning in interviews. Treatments are provided by various mental health professionals.   

            Yolken and Torrey (1995) records that there are some diagnoses, such as childhood conduct disorder or adult antisocial personality disorder or psychopath, which are defined by or inherently associated with conduct problems and violence. There are conflicting findings about the extent to which certain specific symptoms, notably some kinds of psychosis (hallucination or delusions) that can occur in disorder such as schizophrenia, delusional disorder or mood disorder, are linked to an increased risk of serious violence on average.

            Recently, the field of Global Mental Health has emerged, defined as ‘the area of study, research and practice that places a priority on improving mental health for all people’ (Patel and Prince, 2010). The mediating factors of violence acts, however, are most consistently found to be mainly socio-demographic and socio-economic factors such as age, gender, lower socioeconomic status and in particular substance abuse (including alcoholism) to which some people may be particularly vulnerable (Stuart, 2003).


Types of Mental Disorders

Mental disorders are in categories. There are many facets of human behaviors and personality that can become disorder. This paper sum them from the classifications given by Yolken and Torrey (1995), Kitchener and Jorm (2002) and Keyes (2002).

Anxiety disorder: when anxiety or fear interferes with normal functioning. This may include phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, panic disorder, agoraphobia, obsession, compulsive disorder, and post traumatic stress disorder.

Affective disorders: Affective (emotion/mood) process can become disorders. These are mood disorder (unusual intense and sustained sadness, melancholia or despair) known as major depression or clinical depression (milder but still prolonged depression can be diagnosed as dysthymia).

Bipolar disorders (manic depression): It involves abnormally “high or pressured mood states, known as mania/hypomania, alternating with normal/depressed mood. Yolken and Torrey (1995) states that whether unipolar and bipolar mood phenomena represent distinct categories of disorder or whether they usually mix and merge together along a dimension or spectrum of mood is under debate in the scientific literature.

Pattern of belief, language use and perception can become disorder. Examples are delusion, thought disorder, and hallucinations. These are referred to as psychotic disorders (schizophrenia and delusional disorder).

Schizoaffective disorder:  It is a term use for those individuals showing aspects of both schizophrenia and affective disorders.

Personality disorders: paranoid, schizoid and schizotypal, antisocial, borderline, histrionic/narcissistic, avoidant, dependent/obsessive-compulsive.

Adjustment disorder: This is an inability to sufficiently adjust to life circumstances begins within three months of a particular event or situation, and ends within six months after the stressor stops or is eliminated.

Eating disorder: anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, exercise bulimia or binge eating order.

Sexual disorder: gender identification disorder, dyspareunia, and ego-dystonic homosexuality.

Sleep disorder: insomnia

Tic disorder: Tourette’s syndrome, kleptomania, pyromania, gambling, substance dependence or abuse or addiction is in this category.

Conduct disorder: Inability to behave normally with expected discipline in the society. If this continues into adulthood, it may be diagnosed as anti-social personality disorder (psychopath).



            Mental disorders are common world wide. WHO (2000) records that one out of three people in most communities report sufficient criteria for at least one at some point in their life.

Sanfford (1978), states that many children have behaviors that conflict with a reasonable school environment which could not be described as a healthful one and invariably affects their performance and the adaptation of others to them. Carter, Briggs-Gowan, and Davis (2004) exclaims that many children exhibit a deviation from age appropriate behaviors which interferes with child’s own growth and development and/or the issue of others.


Causes of mental disorders

Mental disorders can arise from a combination of sources. In many cases there is no single accepted cause currently established. It is commonly belief that mental disorder results from genetic vulnerabilities exposed by environmental stressors.

WHO (2000) reveals that there is a strong relationship between the various forms of severe and complex mental disorder in adulthood and abuse (physical, sexual or emotional) or neglect of children during the developmental years. According to the report ‘children sexual  abuse’ alone plays a significant percentage of all mental disorder in adult females, most notable example being eating disorder and borderline personality disorder.

Jefferoate (1969) explains that environment can cause or trigger physical  or mental ill-health while psyche influences the development of organic disease in remote parts of the body, and illness begets anxiety and this in turn begets illness. The mental health of an individual depends on the continuous satisfaction of specials requisites in the pattern of his psychological stimulation, the opportunity to give and receive love and affection, to be dependent and be depended upon. When one or more of these is/are missing the level of mental soundness is altered resulting in mental illness.  


The following are considered as contributing factors or causes of mental disorder (WHO, 2000; Steadman, Mulvey, Monahan, Robbins, Appelbaum, Grisso, Roth, and Silver, 1998; and Kitchener and Jorm, 2002):

Studies have shown that genes often play an important role in the development of mental disorder, although the reliable identification of connections between specific genes and specific categories of disorder has proven more difficult.

Environmental events surrounding pregnancy and birth have been implicated.

Traumatic brain injury may increase the risk of developing certain mental disorder.

There has been some tentative inconsistent links found to certain viral infections, to substance misuse, and to general physical health.

Social influences have been found to be important, including abuse, bullying and other negative/stressful life experiences.

Wider community vices/problems such as unemployment/employment problems, socio economic inequality, and lack of socio cohesion have been attributed also to mental disorder.


Society response to mentally ill people

Response of people to mentally ill persons or people with nervous breakdown is pathetic and unhealthy. A study reported by Times Online (2009) note that assistance given by extended families that often help and supportive religious leaders who listen with kindness and respect often contrast with usual practice in psychiatric diagnosis and medication. Due to lack of proper education and ignorance on causes of mental illness and emotional problems, prevention approach and treatment, the public fail to understand the true nature of many of these mental illnesses and fail to seek the available services. Thus rather than helping to reduce/cushing the effect of the problem or the cause of the problem, the condition of the affected individuals are worsen. Some conditions are not as bad as people look at them and if they are well handled the situation may change for better.

Murray, Lopez, and World Health Organization (1996) reports:           


“The burden of mental illness on health and productivity throughout

the world has been profoundly underestimated. Data developed by

the massive Global Burden of disease study, conducted by the WHO,

the World Bank, and Harvard University revealed that mental illness,

including suicide, rank second in the burden of disease in established

market economics, … It further revealed that nearly two third of  all

the people with diagnosable mental disorders do not seek treatment. It

is believed that when people understand that mental disorders are not

the result of moral failings or limited will power, but are legitimate

illnesses that are responsive to specific treatments, much of the

negative stereotyping may dissipate”


They report further that the 10 leading causes of disability (counting lost years of healthy life) at age 15-44 were: major depression, alcohol use, road traffic accident, schizophrenia, self inflicted injuries, drug use, bipolar disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorders, osteoarthritis, and violence.

            Thompson (2010) in his study ‘Addressing Suicide: is treatment more important than therapist?’  reports a study by Dr. Marsha Linehan at the University of Washington who suggested that “type of treatment may make a big difference for people who have borderline personality disorder (BPD), a chronic condition associated with difficulty in effectively managing one’s emotions., multiple suicide attempts, physical self harm (e.g. cutting on oneself) and impulsive, often destructive actions.”

            Stigma remains a serious problem, with many cases of human rights violations like chaining or beating experienced by people with mental illness. Perpetrators are rarely brought to justice.Royal College of Psychiatrist reported that research has shown that there is stigma attached to mental illness.

There are on-line psychiatric or mental illness self-diagnose available now stating the weekly changes in individual mental health and quality of life. Report has it that annual expenditure on health in Nigeria is less than 3% of Gross Domestic Product, amounting to $7 per capita, mental health services received only a very small part of this total health budget.


Factors underlying people’ behavior towards mental ill people

Many factors have been attributed to uncaring attitude of people to the mentally ill people. These include:

Predisposition factors: The antecedents to behavior. What provide the rationale or motivation for the behavior (e.g. knowledge, beliefs, values, attitudes, confidence, and existing skills).
Enabling factors: The conditions in the environment that enable the motivation to be realized. These factors may be availability, accessibility to facilities for caring for the affected (finance, psychiatric care, etc).
Reinforcing factors: What follow the behavior (acceptance of the patient that he/she needs help).
Knowledge: It is necessary for a conscious action to take place; knowledge can be gained from information provided by health professionals, parents, teachers, books and mass medial or other sources through experience.
Belief: A conviction that a phenomenon or object is true or real. Most of them are derived from parents or other respected people in the life of the beholder.
Values: The value given to things tends to cluster within ethnic group and across generations of people sharing a common history and geographical identity.
Attitude: This reflects likes/dislikes towards certain categories of objects, persons/situation. It is sometimes based on limited experience. It may be formed without understanding the whole situation.
Relationships and morality: Clinical conceptions of mental illness also overlap with personal and cultural values in the domain of morality, so much so that it is sometimes argued that separating the two is impossible without fundamentally redefining the essence of being a particular person in a society.


            Tilbury and Rapley (2004) and Karasz (2005), agree that in clinical psychiatry, persistent distress and disability indicate an internal disorder requiring treatment; but in order context, the distress and disability can be seen as an indicator of emotional struggle and the need to address social and structural problems. The poor economic situation has affected the standard of living of many people especially those we can class as poor.

The unchecked wide gap between the rich and the poor has resulted in some cases to family disintegration, with adverse effect on children who are being abused. These and other factors have led to increase in mental illness of many young ones within school age.

If their society cannot accommodate them, schools have no choice, and they cannot be discriminated against. Every child has right to education in Nigeria. Therefore schools should learn how to accommodate and integrate them into the system. 



            Psychotherapy involves a variety of treatment techniques, often used along with medication. There are many ways of treating mental disorders, some of which are stated below (general and specific):


Individual: involving only the patent and the therapist.

Group – involving two or more patient in the therapy at the same time. It gives them the opportunity to share experiences and learns and appreciates how others feel too.

Marital or couples: helping spouses and partners understand why their loved one has a mental disorder, what changes in communication, how behaviors can help and what they can do to cope.

Family/relation: Involvement of family or a close relation that has influence or has much information on the patient in improving the condition of patient is vital and recognized. They need to understand what their loved one is going through, how they themselves can cope, and what they can do to help.


Psychoanalytic – the first approach, the patient’s thoughts are verbalized including free associations, fantasies, and dreams, from which the analysis formulates the nature of the unconscious conflicts which are causing the patient’s symptoms and character problems. It addresses the underlining psychic conflicts and defenses.

Behavior therapy/applied behavior analysis – focuses on changing maladaptive patterns of behavior to improve emotional responses, cognitions, and interactions with others.

Cognitive behavioral therapy – It is based on modifying the patterns of thought and behavior associated with a particular disorder. It seeks to identify maladaptive cognition, appraisal, beliefs and reactions with the aim of influencing destructive negative emotions and problematic dysfunctional behaviors.

Psychodynamic – a dept psychology with primary aim to reveal the unconscious content of a client’s psyche in an effort to alleviate psychic tension. It gets its root from psychoanalysis.

Existential therapy – It is based on the existential belief that human beings are alone in the world. This association leads to meaninglessness, which can be overcome only by creating one’s own values and by meanings. It is philosophically associated with phenomena.

Systemic therapy or family therapy – a process where a net-work of significant others as well as an individual are addressed.

Humanistic Approach – a psychological approach that is a value oriented, holds a hopeful, constructive view of human beings and of their substantial capacity to be self determining, guided by a conviction that intentionality and ethical values are strong psychological forces, among the basic determinants of human behavior.

Eclectic/integrative approach – a combination of two or more therapy techniques for treatment of mental disorder.

Counseling and co-counseling – a psychological approach too but in this case advice and suggestion are given base on the observation and information available to the counselor(s).

Psycho education – This program provides people with the information to understand and manage their problems.

Creative therapies – This involves art works such as music and drama therapies.

Lifestyle adjustments and supportive measures – personal adjustment to situations.


School connection and nature of teachers’ duties

WHO (2000) reveals that there is a strong relationship between the various forms of severe and complex mental disorder in adulthood and the abuse (physical, sexual/emotional/neglect of children during the developmental years); and records that sexual abuse of children alone plays a significant percentage of the mental disorder in adult females, most notable examples being eating disorders and borderline personality disorder should be a thing of serious concern to our education institutions. There were records of various abuses of children in our environment, many of which could have been averted if they were well enlightened on how to relate in the society, the self protection or prevention of some of the vices in our society and even counseling for victims.

The socio economic and family problems has made many school children and even the grown ups exhibit some emotional and behavioral problems. Children are the life wire of schools. Therefore, identification and management of emotional and behaviorally disturbed children is very important since teachers are dealing with them directly in schools (Akintunde and Akintunde, 2010)). It is not economically possible for each school to have a psychiatrist as a permanent staff. This inability to have such specialist necessitates equipping teachers with essential knowledge capable of assisting in identifying and administering mental health problems to some extent (Akintunde, 2007).

The more teachers know about how to identify the children mental problems the better and easier for them to deal with such situations when they arise. Their relationship with the students and the community will improve and help tremendously in improving the performance of the students. They will even be in position to enlighten parents of these children and the public in general (Akintunde, 2007).

Educating student teachers on mental health through school health education will go a long way not to assist both students and teachers. Teachers are also part of our community; they also operate under the same condition as their students and people in the community. Therefore they are faced with many challenges as those in the community.

Teachers have their personal problems that stress them up upon which they are still expected to accommodate students’ problems most of which are related to mental health problems. In order to make their job easy, they should be armed adequately with enough skills to handle those problems (Sanfford, (1978)).  

Although a lay man look at teaching as a job that any man can handle, forgetting that it is a 24hours job, not ending in school hours but continues as carry over after closing hour, the teacher has to prepare for the next day job and also finish assessment/marking of any assignment given to students as home work. The same person has domestic responsibilities to attend to.

In fact he has little or no time for himself talk less of recreation to recuperate him. If he does not know how to manage the situation, he may end up a psychiatric patient. The knowledge of symptoms, identification, management and therapy of mental disorders or illnesses will help him cope and adjust.

The knowledge of mental health will enable the teachers to know how far they can push the students in terms of discipline, academic activities, co-curricular activities and what to do to assist or step down the effect of mental illness on students. There are times that the attitude of some teachers (especially the untrained or half baked ones) can be very tormenting to the life of students. This is getting worse now that teachers indulge in all sorts of corruptions in schools.


Problems associated with integration of children with mental disorders into school system

According to WHO (2000) virtually everybody seems to experience mental disorder at one time or the other. All agents of enhancement of mental health are equally affected mentally too either directly or indirectly. Stress which is a booster of mental illness strikes on everyone; thus, there is need for all and sundry to understand and know how to manage stress.

Guardians’ services render by teachers stops in school but students still interact with the environment outside the school where the school is not in the knowing of the nature of the interaction. What happen to the child after school is not under the control of the school. This condition is worse now that almost all schools are operating as day school except few private schools. There is every possibility of the effort of school being rendered useless by counter interaction of the larger society.

The problem in our society is too heavy for individual to carry; talk less of adding another person’s problem. As a result of this, there is insufficient value base for a committed ethic of care in our society. Thus committed teacher are rare to find.

The differences in background, ethnicity, culture and other attribute that makes individual unique couple with the general society concept and stigma associated with mental illness/disorders makes individual nature complex.

If teachers are to be carried along in alleviating the problem of mental illness in our society, it means a change in teachers’ training curriculum. This is always a problem because generally people do not give in to changes easily. Before you know it Government will also give excuse of lack of money to finance the little alteration the change in curriculum will bring.

Some teachers are bad examples to students and they rather add to the existing problem than solve or reduce it. Whoever cannot manage himself cannot manage others or be a brothers’ keeper. Those in this category needs attention themselves and schools should take appropriate step to help them out before they influence the students.

There is no problem without solution. Sanfford (1978) adopts and adapts some psychotherapy techniques to suggest the following ten aids for teachers to actualize a healthy school environment:

Objectivity – To be objective about self and what to do towards what the student does.
Sharing – To share problems and experiences regularly with colleagues, parents and administrators, through conference, formal and informal meeting.
Feedback – Obtain feedback from observation of the child and suggestions from parents, teachers and administration.
Consultation – Where necessary consult expert like psychologist.
Collaboration – Loan out the child for sometime with other teachers, class and environment, then collate feedback on particular trait being addressed.
Observation – Use some observational techniques such as feedback interaction, analysis and other objective recording system.
Be artistic – Literature, theatres, good films, music and art, may somehow become more meaningful to the teacher when it comes to the issue of their children. People in different community are gradually getting used to using these media as tools for integration and communicative models.
Sense of humor – Maintain sense of humor.
Be Professional – maintain a strict sense of professionalizing while remain the personality the teacher is.
Reinforce – Seek reinforcement and assurance from the children in order to provide them with assurance and solid ground to fall on.


Benefit of making health education a core course for teacher education

The awareness and ability to understand the causes and problems associated with mental disorders goes a long way to prevention, management and treatment of these problems, making teaching and learning conducive, effective and enjoyable. Therefore there are lots to benefit from introducing school health education with emphasis on mental health into teachers curriculum. The summary of the benefits are these:

Teachers will be able to discover themselves and relate well with their colleagues and students.

It will enable teachers to understand their students’ inadequacies and problems.

Teachers will find it easy to assist their students in reducing the effects of their problems on their academic and relationship with other people inside and outside the school.

Students will have confidence in discussing their problems with their teachers, sharing their dreams with them with the aim of getting valuable advice and support from them.

Relationship between teachers and students will be more cordial, helpful and effective.

Both teachers and students will develop the ability to come to terms with the environment, adjust to situations and blend with people, their inadequacies not withstanding.

All these are attributes that can improve on teaching learning and lay solid foundation for development of a whole man in a child to meet society expectation.






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Dr Akintunde, P.G, is a Senior Lecturer in University of Calabar. He has over 24 articles in reputable Journals and has published seven text books in the areas of Physical and Health Education. He was the Athletics Coach in his University up till 2002 and the Chairman for Nigrian association for Physical, Health Education, recreation, Dance and Sports, Cross River state Chapter till 2008. He is presently working on a game that is philosophical in nature, aiming at inculcating self discipline on participants especially youths.

How to Help Your Teenager at a Private Drug Treatment Center

  Teenage is the most vulnerable yet most influencing part of a person’s life. Whatever a person does or experiences at this point of life will remain memorable for him or her throughout life.  This is also the time when a teenager can be way-laid, misguided and manipulated into doing many of the wrong things, drug addiction being one of the worst ones.  Private drug treatment centers are there to offer treat such people who are at risk to endanger their health and lives. 

Imagine your teenage son or daughter being addicted to drugs. Which option would you choose if you had to rehabilitate him or her?  Mostly, any parent would opt for a private drug rehab center because nothing is more important to a parent that his or her child. With the kind of treatment procedures that they administer and the kind of counseling that these rehabs are famous for, it makes sense to invest in a private rehab for the benefit of your teen. Also the chances of relapse are extremely low which reassures you that you’re teen will never sip into drug addiction again.

It is recommended to admit your teen to a residential treatment facility of a private rehab facility because he or she will be given top quality treatment and the teen’s condition will be kept on close watch 24/7.  As a parent, you should make sure that your child is treated completely and thoroughly and he or she says away from drug, alcohol or any other kind of sinister addiction. Private drug treatment centers also have good motivation programs,  interesting and creative exercises, games, spas and pools and other amenities that will only rejuvenate the mind of the teen but also make him or her have a fresh, creative and tolerant approach towards life.

The cost factor should also not be an issue because there are some good health covers on the offer for teenage drug addiction.  Besides, you can benefit from easy financing options that will make sure that the budget will not come in the way of treatment for your loved one. There are two treatment options that are available: residential and outpatient programs.  The outpatient program is sufficient if there are not too many health problems and your teen is not really addicted to drugs. In the outpatient center, the counselor will make the teen realize the consequences of drug addiction and show him some videos and make him read books, give him all the necessary information that will help him or her knock the addiction It is not necessary for the teen to stay at a rehab, he can just come there during the weekend or once or twice a week and then go back to his work or school

The inpatient treatment at the private drug rehab program is when the teen is far into the drug addiction and really need help. There can be other associated health disorders too that need treatment. So as a parent, do the best for your child and never neglect the signs of teen drug addiction. When you spot them, have a nice talk with your teen and take him or her to a good private rehab where he or she can be treated comprehensively and permanently.

Find more information on Private Addiction Treatment. Helpful and informative information on Private Rehab Facilities is available.
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Drug Treatment Centers Must Suit Your Needs

There are hordes of drug treatment centers in present days. If you are looking for drug treatment center to eliminate the grave addiction from your life, then selecting the best center to seek drug treatment can become very confusing. Thus, most of you people might be thinking as how to choose the ideal one from such centers. Moreover, individuals who need immediate attention may find it hard to select the drug treatment center that suits their needs.

Therefore, here is brief information about drug treatment centers. Study it and select the one that suits you or your closed ones.

Short-Term Drug Treatment Centers: If you wish to get rid of the drug addiction within a matter of weeks, then short-term drug treatment centers are for you. The duration of such drug treatment centers, vary from three to six weeks. The drug treatment program of such centers is designed in a way that requires you to complete a 12-step plan.

Most short-term drug treatment centers scan the physical, mental, behavioral as well as emotional level of the addicted individuals. Using this basis, they design the customized drug treatment for them.

When you enroll in such drug treatment center, you are required to undergo the 12-step treatment by making up your mind that you will come out successful. You will have to participate in various meetings, sessions and exercises conducted by the drug treatment center. The information as well as the sessions offered in such drug treatment center is very informative and educative. Later on after the successful completion of the course, a follow up drug treatment is given to you, which you can seek as an outpatient facility from any drug treatment center.

Detoxification treatment: If you are recently started taking drugs or hooked to alcohol, then you need to opt for detoxification treatment. You may seek to choose the detoxification treatment offered by several medical centers or laboratories. This drug treatment programs assist you to combat the problem of addiction, which is impossible to leave it on your own. Detoxification drug treatment is carried out under the watchful eye of medical supervisor. The officials who carry out this treatment must posses a medical professional certificate. This drug treatment program may also consider the emotional side of you.

Long-Term Drug Treatment Centers: This sort of drug treatment center carries out the drug treatments that last for one year or two years. You may seek the services of such centers all year round. The drug treatment program considers the behavioral side of you. The counselors then take into account the psychological reaction of the addicted individuals and decide the further sessions.

To opt for long-term drug treatment centers you will have to stay in the facility center. The lengthy duration is a part of the drug treatment. It ensures that the individual is capable of reconstructing as well as remobilizing his or her life on a regular basis. Moreover, it helps the addicted individuals to steer away from relapse of drugs.

If you cannot make it to the drug treatment centers only because of time constraints or other responsibilities, then you may avail drug treatment as outpatient. However, it is your responsibility to attend all the sessions organized by drug treatment centers.

For more information about drug treatment and drug rehabilitation, please visit Cliffsidemalibu.com. Cliffside malibu is a California’s premiere drug treatment center.
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An Online Directory Makes Finding Effective Alcohol Treatment Easier

For someone looking back on our society from several hundred years in the future, one of the paradoxes they’ll note is the proliferation of facilities dedicated to the treatment of alcohol abuse, at the same time that alcohol is widely sold and its use so socially acceptable. One of the failings of our era might very well be that so many of our citizens have fallen into the spiral of alcohol abuse at the same time that so many treatment options are available, if only they knew to seek out help.

In reality, things aren’t quite so cut and dried. Alcohol is a drug with a long history and its use has been ingrained in our culture dating back hundreds, if not thousands, of years. Banning its use was tried in the US for more than a decade starting in the 1920s, but the only real effect Prohibition had was to drive consumption underground and give rise to criminal elements that grew wealthy from selling illegal liquor. Given the ubiquitous nature of alcohol today -try going to a restaurant, dinner party, and BBQ or baseball game without having alcohol served all around you- banning it isn’t a realistic option, so treatment of those who have developed a dependency is the most likely solution.

Unfortunately, the existence of uncounted clinics and Alcohol Treatment centers does not necessarily mean that the people who need help are finding their way to the right facility. There’s a wide range of treatment options ranging from spiritual to holistic and clinical, with everything in between. Choosing a treatment method that suits the patient is critical to their success. Geographical location comes into play, as does the focus of the program; for example, a clinic may specialize in treating heroin addiction, but also offer services for alcoholics. In some cases, a center that focuses on alcoholism will offer the best chance of success, compared to rehabs that offer it as only one of their many options. And the reality is, not all centers offer the same quality of care either. Drug and alcohol treatment can be seen as a lucrative field for some, so knowing which treatment centers are well-established, successful and in it for the long term is valuable information for a prospective patient. Choosing the clinic that will be the right fit for the patient becomes critical, something that hasn’t been easy to do in the past. There are now web sites that act as online directories, providing comprehensive listings for treatment options.

Having the information available to make an informed choice may go a long way toward reversing some of the grim statistics.

Pamela Franklin is a successful graduate of an Alcohol Rehab program and has gone on to speak to recovering alcoholics and their families. Noting that she had failed five times before finally beating her addiction, Pamela frequently speaks to the fact that finding the right Alcohol Rehabilitation Center is key to recovery.
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Signs and Symptoms of JWH018 (K2, Incensed Drug) Abuse

Reports of JWH018 and other incensed drug abuse cases are moderately low even though rampant selling of herbal smoke blends is evident in the market. This is mainly because lesser people are aware of the possible signs of abuse. Most weed users do not even complain any drug abuse effects from these kinds of substances. Thus, the suppose-to-be societal crisis becomes non-existent because nobody is paying attention to it.

Common Signs of JWH018 Abuse

Usually, those who abuse drugs or any substance do not admit that it causes a negative impact in their lives. If that is the case, it is vital for the surrounding families and friends to identify and understand the probable signs of abuse. Recognizing this following information about drug abuse helps in confronting the problem at hand.

1. Negligence of responsibilities whether in school, house or work due to drug use.
2. Occurrence of relationship problems with a partner, family members, employer, colleagues and even with friends.
3. Always running into legal troubles like robbery to sustain drug use, disorderly behavior and violence.
4. Noticeable demonstration of risk-taking behaviors such as driving when on drugs, unsafe sex and use of dirty paraphernalia.
5. Drug addiction or compulsively use of drugs despite the awareness of its dangers and risks.

JWH018 Addiction Symptoms

Although various substances give different kinds of effects, signs of addiction are all the same no matter what it is. Here are the usual addiction symptoms that manifests to during drug abuse.

1. Built up drug tolerance.
The user increases the dosage of drugs to experience the same effect when drug is taken in small amounts. Due to frequent use, the body’s response to drug decreases. As a result, taking large doses is inevitable to achieve the desired experience.

2. Drug dependence.
Through the course of time and increase in frequency of use, the body becomes dependent on the drug itself. Consequently, the user cannot function normally when there is no drug. Abruptly stopping the use of the drug may result to appearance of withdrawal symptoms. In the end, the user continues to abuse drugs to avoid the withdrawal syndrome.

3. Uncontrollable drug use.
Simply means, the user do drugs quite often even more than he has planned. He cannot stop himself due to the urge of wanting more.

4. Obsession towards incensed drugs (K2, Spice, etc).
The user tends to spend most of the time thinking about the drug, how to procure it, when to use it again, possible new ways to heighten the effects and such. It is more like the user’s life revolves around the drug only.

5. Lost of interest with usual favorite activities.
This means abandoning the usual hobbies, interests, sports and activities. The user tends to detach himself from the society and stays lock up in his room or in a place where he usually use the drug.

JWH018 (K2 and Incensed Drug) Abuse Effects

All types of drugs including herbal smoke blends have one thing in common; they alter the brain’s function in controlling emotions, judgment, motivation, memory and learning. The best indicative factor in determining if they abuse drugs such as JWH018 is the manifestation of withdrawal symptoms. Reported drug abuse effects include:
– Profuse sweating during the day and especially at night
– Internal restlessness
– Palpitations and increase blood pressure
– Insomnia
– Headache
– Diarrhea
– Nausea and vomiting
– Tremors and in rare cases seizures
– Anxiety and paranoia without reason
– Manic episodes (hyperactivity, agitation)
– Sudden emotional and personality changes
– Feeling of depression and desperation.

In reality, the most notable effect of drug abuse is actually denial. It is the most evident sign of abuse. The mind decreases its ability to rationalize due to the increase urge of using these herbal smoke blends. It maybe one of the main reasons why there are lesser reports of drug abuse cases. Users are not aware that they already addicted to it. The lack of awareness about drug abuse result to continues use of these legal incensed drugs.
This Article is written by Lena Butler, the author of Health Testing & Drug Testing Guides, Reviews, Information & Facts a longer version of this article is located at Signs and Symptoms of JWH018 (K2, Incensed Drug) Abuse, and resources from other home health and wellness testing articles are used such as Drug Test Kits.
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Christian Alcohol Treatment

It is generally understood that alcoholism negatively affects the mind, body and the addict’s relationships, but often the spiritual impact is overlooked.

The rehabilitation treatment community understands the importance of faith in God and offers courses in spirituality and frequently now, Christian alcohol treatment options are also extended.

When evaluating the immense success of Alcoholics Anonymous over the past 75 years, one would have to agree that their emphasis on building a life of sobriety on relationship with a “God of ones’ own understanding” has merit.  It was Bill W., one of the founders of Alcoholics Anonymous, who first referred to the Twelve Steps as a “spiritual kindergarten.” He was emphasizing that the Twelve Steps were designed to help us learn – and put into practice -these most basic spiritual truths that have led millions to sobriety.

Those rehabilitation centers that offer a Christian alcohol treatment option base their Christian program on the 12 Steps of Alcoholics Anonymous in the context of the biblical references from which they were drawn.

Christian alcohol treatment typically offers a balanced, comprehensive treatment program that usually includes psychological counseling, psychiatric and medical support, nutritional and health courses and instruction based on the 12 Steps of Alcoholics Anonymous.  But the core of the program consists of two spirituality tracks; a “Traditional Track”, utilizing the principles of the 12 Steps, and a “Christian Track” where the 12 Steps are taught based on their scriptural underpinnings.

Pacific Hills Treatment Centers, Inc., a premier Christian treatment rehabilitation facility where Christian alcohol treatment is the centerpiece of their program.  Here, they offer both the traditional spirituality track.  Their professional and certified staff includes psychologists, psychiatrists, medical staff, case managers and recovery pastors.  All graduating clients are equipped with a relapse prevention plan that associates “triggers” with potential relapse and equips the recovering addict with “tools” to avoid experiencing a relapse.

For further information, please call 1-800-662-2873 or visit the Pachills Website.

For more information on  Christian Alcohol Treatment visit Pacific Hills Treatment Centers

Tom Thompson
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Completely Free Guide On Alcohol Treatment Centers To Help You

If you’re inquisitive about strategies about alcohol treatment centers, you will discover the following piece very useful. It gives a refreshing prospective which may be truly linked to the common subject and in some fashion linked to alcohol treatment centers. It isn’t those same aged kind of secrets which you’ll discover elsewhere on numerous websites in relation to alcohol treatment centers. But obviously, exactly how will you recognize this without going through all the write-up?

You don’t have to stay too long in alcohol treatment centers, if your situation is not that serious. There are now other options. For example, briefer treatment options are available in some alcohol treatment centers for patients that the physician thinks can heal better that way. You can understand how that they are reserved for people whose other treatments are already advanced. Don’t force it.

There’s much more that is done to help you in an alcohol treatment center than you might be aware of, before you join. You see, it is important in an alcohol treatment center that you get instructed on skills necessary to help you maintain restraint from alcohol. If they don’t do that, they are not helping you. You should have sought treatment elsewhere.

You don’t want to be left ill-equipped for the pressures of alcohol withdrawal. That is what happens when you don’t pay attention to treatment in an alcohol treatment center. You might want to rethink your strategy.

Truthfully, the only difference between you and experts who are skilled in information related to alcohol treatment centers is time. If you’ll invest a little more time in reading articles such as this, you’ll be that much nearer to expert status when it comes to specific information like this.

The trail of alcohol abuse is never far away, even after an alcohol treatment center. You need to keep those alcohol treatment lessons close to you so that you can use them. They might just save you.

Personalized care is possible in an alcohol treatment center, but it costs a lot more than what most other inmates get. However, I think you are better off getting the same treatment other patients are getting. That way, your healing can be better documented.

The most expensive alcohol treatment is not necessarily the best. In searching for an alcohol treatment center to heal in, look for the ones that actually cure you, not the ones that charge you big. Call that common sense.

Seeing that you are through with reading through the above alcohol treatment centers, piece of content, I would like to ask you – it was not that challenging to read through and comprehend, was it? And you have earned a wealth of know-how, just from taking precious time to study an expert’s word on guidelines about alcohol treatment centers told us they considered them valuable. You’d have also, when you truly make out time to aim to appreciate.
This awesome author also writes about revealing information related to Lawn Boy cordless lawnmowers and also Snapper 2011 push mower at http://www.TigerFDN.com/.
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Teen Alcohol Rehab Center – An Overview

Alcohol rehabs are the centers where alcohol addicts are treated with medical and psychotherapeutic treatment procedures to cure their over-dependency on alcohol. The major aim is to help an addict to live a better life, without taking resort to alcohol for any reason.

Teenagers are prone to alcohol dependency these days. They are the most frequent consumers of alcohol. Yet, teens are more prone to dangers involved in alcohol consumption. Here are a few dangerous repercussions that teens face, on being addicted to alcohol.

1. Alcohol consumption impairs the capability of paying attention.

2. Withdrawal from alcohol addiction can lead to issues with memory.

3. According to surveys, male alcoholic teens complete lesser years in educational field, as compared to sober male teens.

4. Teens have been found to have a tendency of consuming alcohol with a dash of marijuana.

5. Alcohol consumption makes one dizzy and out of control. Teens are often under the habit of driving under influence. His is dangerous as it may result in severe road mishaps and accidents.

6. Alcohol addiction often goes parallel with suicidal tendencies. Teens can opt for fatal suicidal ways being under the influence of alcohol.

7. Excessive drinking can lead to bottling up of emotions and cause anxiety or depression.

The major reasons behind teen alcoholism include low supervision of parents, traumatic childhood, family disputes, lack of parental discipline or an alcoholic family background. Teens require proper guidance and support to be on the right track. They are prone to go astray during the age of 16 to 18 years.

The signs and symptoms of teen alcoholism include issues related to emotional insecurity, being adrenaline junkies, taking resort to lies, keeping to themselves, being physically and verbally abusive, having severe mood swings and drastic changes in company.

If your relative is a teen alcohol addict and needs immediate treatment, you should seek a good teen alcohol rehab center. Here are a few handy tips that can help you to choose the right rehab center.

Trend of success – This is one of the major aspects that you need to check before deciding on a treatment center. Find out the success rate of the center and figure out how efficient they are in curing their patients.

Methods – You’d not want your teen relative to go through unknown methods of treatment. Try to get an idea of the treatment procedures your loved one would have to undergo.

Length – This is important to ascertain the duration of time your loved one would take to recover from the addiction. It depends on how addicted a person is.

Do not compromise on the quality of services when it comes to a teen alcohol rehab center. Pennsylvania teens can now seek expert services at Pyramid Healthcare PA.

Are you find more information on teen alcohol rehab center? You can visit www.pyramidhealthcarepa.com to get helpful and informative information on teen drug and alcohol rehab.
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